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Linux users are familiar with the concept of package managers. Package management provides a centralized way to obtain software. Meanwhile, Windows users must go to the software's website to obtain it. However, there are ways to make Windows use a package management system like Linux. Multiple package management systems are available to Windows.
Win-get is equivalent to Debian's apt-get utility. To install new software, open a console/command-line and type "win-get install PKG_NAME". However, before Win-get can be used, the user must install Win-get by obtaining it from its website. Install Win-get in the C:\WINDOWS directory. Next, open a terminal and type "win-get install launchy". Now, Win-get is ready to be used.
Win-get supports MSI files and Zip files. To refresh the software catalog, type "win-get update". The software is open-source under the GPL license, but pre-compiled binaries for Win-get are available on the website.
wpkg is a Windows form of Debian's dpkg. The software is open-source under the GPL license. The package manager is a command-line program that accepts parameters with slashes or dashes ("/h" and "-h", respectively). wpkg can be used to install, remove, configure, and build packages as well as other tasks.
To use wpkg to install software, type "wpkg -i DEB_FILENAME" or "wpkg /i DEB_FILENAME". wpkg uses Debian files (*.deb) that contain software made for Windows. Packages can be updated by using the command "wpkg—upgrade". Installed packages can be listed with the "wpkg --list-all" command. To uninstall a package, type "wpkg -r PKG_NAME". Just like Debian's dpkg, wpkg can manage dependencies.
wpkg also acts like apt-get. Therefore, users can install software from repositories.
Package Explorer (http://windowspackager.org/documentation/package-explorer) is a lot like Synaptic on Debian systems. However, Package Explorer is a GUI for wpkg.
Chocolatey is another Windows package management system that is similar to apt-get. To use it to install software, open a console/command-line and type "choco install PKGNAME". To find software, type "choco search KEYWORD". To update a package type "choco upgrade PKGNAME", or type "choco upgrade all" to update all packages. To uninstall software, type "choco uninstall PKGNAME". More commands can be learned on the official wiki.