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TRON (not to be confused with the Walt Disney Pictures film "Tron") is an open-source real-time operating system that is neither a Unix or Unix-like operating system. TRON stands for "The Real-time Operating system Nucleus". TRON works on many processors and hardware.
Many TRON distros exist. For instance, there is a derivative called Industrial TRON (ITRON) that was used in numerous electronics in 2003. JTRON is a form of ITRON that supports Java. CTRON (Central and Communications TRON) is used for mainframes and switches.
TRON can be used as an operating system for a personal computers and workstations. The TRON distro used for this purpose is BTRON (Business TRON). Specifically, BTRON is CTRON with a GUI layer. BTRON was released in 1984 and could have become a popular desktop operating system. However, Microsoft requested that the United States threaten Japan with sanctions if BTRON was released in schools.
MTRON (Macro TRON) is a component of TRON that communicates with various TRON components.
STRON (Silicon TRON) is a hardware implementation of a real-time kernel.
ITRON and µITRON are specification standards (like POSIX is for many operating systems) used by TRON and other real-time operating systems.
TRON has its own programming language that is similar to Apple's HyperTalk called MicroScript. This language is high-leveled and graphically-oriented.
The name of the kernel used by TRON is called T-Kernel. The current kernel version is 2.0.